In-hospital Outcomes of Rotational Atherectomy in ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Results From the Multicentre ROTA-STEMI Network /

Although the use of rotational atherectomy (RA) is off-label in the setting of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), it can be the only option in severely calcified culprit lesions to achieve procedural success. We sought to investigate the safety and feasibility of RA during primary percutane...

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Main Authors: Hemetsberger Rayyan
Mankerious Nader
Muntané-Carol Guillem
Temporal Justin
Sulimov Dmitriy
Gaede Luise
Woitek Felix
Fadeuilhe Grau Edgar
Scalamogna Maria
Olschewski Maximilian
Mitsis Andreas
Ruzsa Zoltán
Toth Gabor G
Heyer Hajo
Toelg Ralph
Gómez-Hospital Joan A
Mügge Andreas
Hengstenberg Christian
Mangner Norman
Gori Tommaso
Cassese Salvatore
Carrillo Suárez Xavier
Abdel-Wahab Mohamed
Johnson Thomas
Richardt Gert
Allali Abdelhakim
Format: Article
Published: 2024
Series:CANADIAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY
Subjects:
doi:10.1016/j.cjca.2023.12.018

mtmt:34492846
Online Access:http://publicatio.bibl.u-szeged.hu/30463
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Summary:Although the use of rotational atherectomy (RA) is off-label in the setting of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), it can be the only option in severely calcified culprit lesions to achieve procedural success. We sought to investigate the safety and feasibility of RA during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI).This was a retrospective observational study of patients who underwent RA during PPCI from 12 European centers. The main outcomes were procedural success (defined as successful stent implantation with final TIMI flow 3 and residual stenosis <30%) and in-hospital mortality. A comparison of patients presenting with and without shock was performed.In 104 patients with RA during STEMI the mean age was 72.8±9.1 years, 35% presented with cardiogenic shock. Bailout RA was performed in 76.9% of cases. Mean burr size was 1.42±0.21mm. Procedural success was achieved in 86.5% of cases, with no difference between shocked and non-shocked patients (94.4% vs. 82.4%, p=0.13). In-hospital stent thrombosis occurred in 0.96%, perforation in 1.9% and burr entrapment in 2.9% of cases. In-spite of equally high procedural success, in-hospital mortality was higher in shocked (50%) compared with non-shocked patients (1.5%, p<0.0001).Patients presenting with STEMI, requiring RA, represent a high-risk population, frequently presenting with cardiogenic shock. In this analysis of selected patients, RA was performed as a bailout strategy in the majority, and as such RA seems to be feasible with a high procedural success rate. In the absence of cardiogenic shock, RA-facilitated PCI seems to be associated with low in-hospital mortality.
ISSN:0828-282X