1,6-Hexanediol Is Inducing Homologous Recombination by Releasing BLM from Assemblysomes in Drosophila melanogaster

We recently demonstrated that 1,6-hexanediol inhibits the formation of assemblysomes. These membraneless cell organelles have important roles in co-translational protein complex assembly and also store halfway translated DNA damage response proteins for a timely stress response. Recognizing the ther...

Full description

Saved in:
Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Gombás Bence György
Villanyi Zoltan
Format: Article
Published: 2024
Series:INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES 25 No. 3
Subjects:
doi:10.3390/ijms25031611

mtmt:34540973
Online Access:http://publicatio.bibl.u-szeged.hu/29647
Description
Summary:We recently demonstrated that 1,6-hexanediol inhibits the formation of assemblysomes. These membraneless cell organelles have important roles in co-translational protein complex assembly and also store halfway translated DNA damage response proteins for a timely stress response. Recognizing the therapeutic potential of 1,6-hexanediol in dismantling assemblysomes likely to be involved in chemo- or radiotherapy resistance of tumor cells, we initiated an investigation into the properties of 1,6-hexanediol. Our particular interest was to determine if this compound induces DNA double-strand breaks by releasing the BLM helicase. Its yeast ortholog Sgs1 was confirmed to be a component of assemblysomes. The BLM helicase induces DNA damage when overexpressed due to the DNA double-strand breaks it generates during its normal function to repair DNA damage sites. It is evident that storing Sgs1 helicase in assemblysomes is crucial to express the full-length functional protein only in the event of DNA damage. Alternatively, if we dissolve assemblysomes using 1,6-hexanediol, ribosome-nascent chain complexes might become targets of ribosome quality control. We explored these possibilities and found, through the Drosophila wing-spot test assay, that 1,6-hexanediol induces DNA double-strand breaks. Lethality connected to recombination events following 1,6-hexanediol treatment can be mitigated by inducing DNA double-strand breaks with X-ray. Additionally, we confirmed that SMC5 recruits DmBLM to DNA damage sites, as knocking it down abolishes the rescue effect of DNA double-strand breaks on 1,6-hexanediol-induced lethality in Drosophila melanogaster.
Physical Description:12
ISSN:1661-6596