Eosinophil Counts in the Small Intestine and Colon of Children Without Apparent Gastrointestinal Disease a Meta-analysis /

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to review the available data regarding eosinophil density in healthy tissue specimen originating from lower gastrointestinal segments to support suggested diagnostic cut-offs widely used in clinical practice. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in...

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Main Authors: Kiss Zoltán
Tél Bálint
Borbásné Farkas Kornélia
Garami András
Vincze Áron
Bajor Judit
Sarlós Patrícia
Márta Katalin
Erős Adrienn
Mikó Alexandra
Szakács Zsolt
Pécsi Dániel
Mátrai Péter
Hegyi Péter
Veres Gábor
Format: Article
Published: 2018
Series:JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC GASTROENTEROLOGY AND NUTRITION 67 No. 1
Subjects:
doi:10.1097/MPG.0000000000001904

mtmt:3330485
Online Access:http://publicatio.bibl.u-szeged.hu/27262
Description
Summary:OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to review the available data regarding eosinophil density in healthy tissue specimen originating from lower gastrointestinal segments to support suggested diagnostic cut-offs widely used in clinical practice. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in three different databases. Calculations were made with Comprehensive MetaAnalysis software using random effects model. Cell number measurements were pooled using the random effects model and displayed on forest plots. Summary point estimations, 95% Confidence Intervals (CIs), and 95% Prediction Intervals (PIs) were calculated. RESULTS: The cumulative mean cell numbers were 8.26 (95% CI: 3.49, 13.03) with PI of 0-25.32 for the duodenum, 11.51 (95% CI: 7.21, 15.82) with PI of 0-60.59 for the terminal ileum, and 11.10/HPF (95% CI: 9.11, 13.09) with PI of 0.96-21.23 in the large intestine and the rectum (HPF area = 0.2 mm). Previous studies included control patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional GI disorders. As mucosal eosinophils have a role in their pathomechanism, those patients should have been excluded. A critical point of interpreting reported data is that HPF is relative to the technical parameters of the microscopes, therefore it is important to report findings in cell/mm. CONCLUSIONS: The present meta-analysis does not support the higher (>20) or lower (<10) cut-off values for healthy tissue eosinophil number. In contrast to the esophagus, there is no normal cut-off eosinophil density in the small intestine and the colon. A prospective, multi-center study to establish normal mucosal eosinophil density is clearly needed.
Physical Description:6-12
ISSN:0277-2116