Controlled Laboratory Generation of Atmospheric Black Carbon Using Laser Excitation-Based Soot Generator From Basic Principles to Application Perspectives: A Review /

The mimicking of atmospheric soot with versatile chemophysical properties is a critical issue in many applications, starting from instrument calibration, through producing aerosol standards for academic research, and ending with the reduction of uncertainties associated to carbonaceous particulate m...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Ajtai Tibor
Kohut Attila
Raffai Péter
Szabó Gábor
Bozóki Zoltán
Format: Article
Published: 2022
Series:ATMOSPHERE 13 No. 9
Subjects:
doi:10.3390/atmos13091366

mtmt:33134648
Online Access:http://publicatio.bibl.u-szeged.hu/27015
Description
Summary:The mimicking of atmospheric soot with versatile chemophysical properties is a critical issue in many applications, starting from instrument calibration, through producing aerosol standards for academic research, and ending with the reduction of uncertainties associated to carbonaceous particulate matter in the atmosphere, just to name a few. The present study deals with laser ablation as a novel and interesting technique for the generation of soot with high elementary carbon (EC) content with microphysical features similar to diesel or atmospheric soot and for modelling biomass emission under well-controlled laboratory conditions. The operation of the laser-excitation-based soot generator and the characteristics of the produced particles are compared to the most widely used techniques like flame, spark discharge generators, and real combustion soot originating from diesel- and aircraft engines or from field measurement. The comparison shows that significant differences in the physicochemical features exist between the real combustion soot and the soot originating from different excitation mechanisms. Moreover, the soot produced by different techniques shown also significant differences. However, due to some inherent and favorable attributes of the laser ablation technique—such as the possibility of the independent variation of physical characteristics of the generated soot particles—the potential for modelling biomass burning or to produce soot particles even in the accumulation mode makes it a useful tool in many cases.
Physical Description:18
ISSN:2073-4433