Bal kamrai deformitás az aktív élsporthoz és az acromegaliához köthető eltérések hasonlóságai és különbségei : Eredmények a háromdimenziós speckle-tracking echokardiográfiás MAGYAR-Sport és MAGYAR-Path Tanulmányokból /

Acromegaly is a chronic endocrine disorder, which produces a significant amount of human growth hormone and consequently insulin-like growth factor in adulthood due to a tumor in the pituitary gland. If left untreated, it can have a significant effect on the cardiovascular system. It is also known t...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Gyenes Nándor
Kormányos Árpád
Vágvölgyi Anna
Valkusz Zsuzsanna
Balogh László
Papp Gábor
Lengyel Csaba Attila
Nemes Attila
Format: Article
Published: 2023
Series:ORVOSI HETILAP 164 No. 8
Subjects:
doi:10.1556/650.2023.32720

mtmt:33665853
Online Access:http://publicatio.bibl.u-szeged.hu/26615
Description
Summary:Acromegaly is a chronic endocrine disorder, which produces a significant amount of human growth hormone and consequently insulin-like growth factor in adulthood due to a tumor in the pituitary gland. If left untreated, it can have a significant effect on the cardiovascular system. It is also known that elite sport activity is also associated with physiologic cardiac transformation, the so-called athletes' heart, in which volumetric and functional adaptation of the heart cavities can be observed.In accordance with the above facts, the question may rightly arise as to what differences can be observed in left ventricular morphology and function in acromegaly, and what similarities and dissimilarities do the obtained results show compared to the values of healthy non-athlete adults compared to the values of the left ventricle of young elite athletes.The present study comprised 21 elite athletes playing high dynamic sports (mean age: 31.2 ± 6.4 years, 13 males) and 18 acromegaly patients (mean age: 47.9 ± 8.9 years, 9 males). Their results were compared to those of 22 negative controls (mean age: 47.7 ± 10.6 years, 13 males).Left ventricle is dilated, but its function is preserved in both elite athletes and patients with acromegaly. While increased longitudinal and circumferential left ventricular strains could be seen in elite athletes primarily due to the more pronounced contractility of left ventricular apical segments, increased radial left ventricular strain was detected in acromegaly due to increased function of the left ventricular basal region. Left ventricular rotational mechanics show different patterns as well: while basal left ventricular rotation is decreased in elite athletes, apical left ventricular rotation showed a reduction leading to the significant deterioration of left ventricular twist in acromegaly.Both elite athletes playing high dynamic sports and acromegaly patients have dilated left ventricle, more pronounced regional left ventricular contractility and left ventricular rotational abnormalities with differences in nature and extent of these alterations as compared to those of non-sporting healthy subjects. Orv Hetil. 2023; 164(8): 308-316.
Physical Description:308-316
ISSN:0030-6002