Breakthrough COVID-19 in vaccinated patients with hematologic malignancies results from EPICOVIDEHA survey /

Limited data have been published on the epidemiology and outcomes of breakthrough COVID-19 in patients with hematological malignancy (HM) after anti-SARS-CoV-2 vaccination. Adult HM who received at least one dose of anti-SARS-CoV-2 vaccine and diagnosed with breakthrough COVID-19 between January 202...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Pagano Livio
Salmanton-García Jon
Marchesi Francesco
Ola Blennow
Gomes da Silva Maria
Glenthøj Andreas
van Doesum Jaap A.
Bilgin Yavuz M.
Lopez-Garcia Alberto
Itri Federico
Nunes Rodrigues Raquel
Weinbergerová Barbora
Farina Francesca
Dragonetti Giulia
Piukovics Klára
et al
Format: Article
Published: 2022
Series:BLOOD 140 No. 26
Subjects:
doi:10.1182/blood.2022017257

mtmt:33127891
Online Access:http://publicatio.bibl.u-szeged.hu/25282
Description
Summary:Limited data have been published on the epidemiology and outcomes of breakthrough COVID-19 in patients with hematological malignancy (HM) after anti-SARS-CoV-2 vaccination. Adult HM who received at least one dose of anti-SARS-CoV-2 vaccine and diagnosed with breakthrough COVID-19 between January 2021 and March 2022 and registered in EPICOVIDEHA were included in this analysis. A total of 1548 cases were included, mainly with lymphoid malignancies (1181 cases, 76%). After viral genome sequencing in 753 cases (49%), Omicron variant was prevalent (517, 68.7%). Most of the patients received at least two vaccine doses before COVID-19 (1419, 91%), mostly mRNA-based (1377, 89%). Overall, 906 patients (59%) received specific treatment for COVID-19. After 30-days follow-up from COVID-19 diagnosis, 143 patients (9%) died. The mortality rate in patients with Omicron variant was of 7.9%, comparable to that reported for the other variants. The 30-day mortality rate was significantly lower than in the pre-vaccine era (31%). In the univariable analysis, older age (p<0.001), active HM (p<0.001), severe and critical COVID-19 (p=0.007 and p<0.001, respectively) were associated with mortality. Conversely, patients receiving monoclonal antibodies, even for severe or critical COVID-19, had a lower mortality rate (p<0.001). In the multivariable model, older age, active disease, critical COVID-19 and at least 2-3 comorbidities were correlated with a higher mortality, whereas the administration of monoclonal antibodies, alone (p<0.001) or combined with antivirals (p=0.009), was observed protective. While mortality is significantly lower than in the pre-vaccination era, breakthrough COVID-19 in HM is still associated with considerable mortality. Death rate was lower in patients who received monoclonal antibodies, alone or in combination with antivirals. EPICOVIDEHA (www.clinicaltrials.gov; National Clinical Trials identifier NCT04733729) is an international open web-based registry for patients with HMs infected with SARS-CoV-2.
Physical Description:2773-2787
ISSN:0006-4971