Using the Bag-of-Audio-Words approach for emotion recognition

The problem of varying length recordings is a well-known issue in paralinguistics. We investigated how to resolve this problem using the bag-of-audio-words feature extraction approach. The steps of this technique involve preprocessing, clustering, quantization and normalization. The bag-of-audio-wor...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Kiss-Vetráb Mercedes
Gosztolya Gábor
Format: Article
Published: 2022
Series:ACTA UNIVERSITATIS SAPIENTIAE INFORMATICA 14 No. 1
Subjects:
doi:10.2478/ausi-2022-0001

mtmt:33055336
Online Access:http://publicatio.bibl.u-szeged.hu/25199
Description
Summary:The problem of varying length recordings is a well-known issue in paralinguistics. We investigated how to resolve this problem using the bag-of-audio-words feature extraction approach. The steps of this technique involve preprocessing, clustering, quantization and normalization. The bag-of-audio-words technique is competitive in the area of speech emotion recognition, but the method has several parameters that need to be precisely tuned for good efficiency. The main aim of our study was to analyse the effectiveness of bag-of-audio-words method and try to find the best parameter values for emotion recognition. We optimized the parameters one-by-one, but built on the results of each other. We performed the feature extraction, using openSMILE. Next we transformed our features into same-sized vectors with openXBOW, and finally trained and evaluated SVM models with 10-fold-crossvalidation and UAR. In our experiments, we worked with a Hungarian emotion database. According to our results, the emotion classification performance improves with the bag-of-audio-words feature representation. Not all the BoAW parameters have the optimal settings but later we can make clear recommendations on how to set bag-of-audio-words parameters for emotion detection tasks.
Physical Description:1-21
ISSN:1844-6086