Prevalence and Outcomes of Percutaneous Coronary Interventions for Ostial Chronic Total Occlusions Insights From a Multicenter Chronic Total Occlusion Registry /

Ostial chronic total occlusions (CTOs) can be challenging to recanalize.We sought to examine the prevalence, angiographic presentation, and procedural outcomes of ostial (side-branch ostial and aorto-ostial) CTOs among 1000 CTO percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) performed in 971 patients bet...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Tajti Péter
Burke M. Nicholas
Karmpaliotis Dimitri
Alaswad Khaldoon
Jaffer Farouc A.
Yeh Robert W.
Patel Mitul
Mahmud Ehtisham
Choi James W.
Doing Anthony H.
Datilo Phil
Toma Catalin
Smith Conrad
Uretsky Barry
Ungi Imre
Format: Article
Published: 2018
Series:CANADIAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY 34 No. 10
Subjects:
doi:10.1016/j.cjca.2018.07.472

mtmt:30420610
Online Access:http://publicatio.bibl.u-szeged.hu/23952
Description
Summary:Ostial chronic total occlusions (CTOs) can be challenging to recanalize.We sought to examine the prevalence, angiographic presentation, and procedural outcomes of ostial (side-branch ostial and aorto-ostial) CTOs among 1000 CTO percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) performed in 971 patients between 2015 and 2017 at 14 centres in the US, Europe, and Russia.Ostial CTOs represented 16.9% of all CTO PCIs: 9.6% were aorto-ostial, and 7.3% were side-branch ostial occlusions. Compared with nonostial CTOs, ostial CTOs were longer (44 ± 33 vs 29 ± 19 mm, P < 0.001) and more likely to have proximal-cap ambiguity (55% vs 33%, P < 0.001), moderate/severe calcification (67% vs 45%, P < 0.001), a diffusely diseased distal vessel (41% vs 26%, P < 0.001), interventional collaterals (64% vs 53%, P = 0.012), and previous coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) (51% vs 27%, P < 0.001). The retrograde approach was used more often in ostial CTOs (54% vs 29%, P < 0.001) and was more often the final successful crossing strategy (30% vs 18%, P = 0.003). Technical (81% vs 84%, P = 0.280), and procedural (77% vs 83%, P = 0.112) success rates and the incidence of in-hospital major complication were similar (4.8% vs 2.2%, P = 0.108), yet in-hospital mortality (3.0% vs 0.5%, P = 0.010) and stroke (1.2% vs 0.0%, P = 0.030) were higher in the ostial CTO PCI group. In multivariable analysis, ostial CTO location was not independently associated with higher risk for in-hospital major complications (adjusted odds ratio 1.27, 95% confidence intervals 0.37 to 4.51, P = 0.694).Ostial CTOs can be recanalized with similar rates of success as nonostial CTOs but are more complex, more likely to require retrograde crossing and may be associated with numerically higher risk for major in-hospital complications.
Physical Description:1264-1274
ISSN:0828-282X