Coronariasebészet csecsemő- és gyermekkorban. A szívsebészet új ága?

Introduction and aim: Pediatric coronary artery surgery for congenital heart disease has become increasingly important in newborns and infants. It is life-saving in unsuccessful coronary transfer surgery, injury of coronary artery during surgery, in pediatric coronary artery bypass surgery (PCABS) d...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Hartyánszky István
Bogáts Gábor
Format: Article
Published: 2019
Series:ORVOSI HETILAP 160 No. 49
Subjects:
doi:10.1556/650.2019.31557

mtmt:31360413
Online Access:http://publicatio.bibl.u-szeged.hu/22805
Description
Summary:Introduction and aim: Pediatric coronary artery surgery for congenital heart disease has become increasingly important in newborns and infants. It is life-saving in unsuccessful coronary transfer surgery, injury of coronary artery during surgery, in pediatric coronary artery bypass surgery (PCABS) due to acquired Kawasaki disease. Method: We review the current surgical role of congenital and acquired coronary artery diseases in newborns and infants. Results: The 7 main challenges are: 1) anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery; 2) different variations of the origins of the coronary arteries in transposition of the great arteries (TGA); 3) acute and late coronary events in the arterial switch operation for TGA; 4) complications after coronary transfer procedures: Ross-, Nikaidoh operation; 5) inadvertent coronary artery injury during heart surgery; 6) Kawasaki disease; 7) coronary artery procedures in premature infants. Direct coronary reimplantation in most, surgical angioplastic procedures in selected patients is the first choice; however, PCABS with internal thoracic artery (ITA) grafts can be life-saving in emergency or severe myocardial hypoperfusion conditions. Since the patency of saphenous vein grafts is poorer than that of ITA grafts, their use should be avoided in growing children. The procedures can be performed safely in neonates and infants, using high-power magnifying glasses or a surgical microscope. Conclusion: Pediatric coronary artery surgery technique is now established as the standard safety surgical choice, as a new area in cardiac surgery. Congenital heart surgeons after proper training are able to use coronary transfer and bypass surgery safely even in premature babies. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(49): 1935-1940.
Physical Description:1935-1940
ISSN:0030-6002