Enhanced Verbal Statistical Learning in Glossolalia

Glossolalia ("speaking in tongues") is a rhythmic utterance of word-like strings of sounds, regularly occurring in religious mass gatherings or various forms of private religious practices (e.g., prayer and meditation). Although specific verbal learning capacities may characterize glossola...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Kéri Szabolcs
Kállai Imre
Csigó Katalin
Format: Article
Published: 2020
Series:COGNITIVE SCIENCE 44 No. 7
doi:10.1111/cogs.12865

mtmt:31373191
Online Access:http://publicatio.bibl.u-szeged.hu/20216
Description
Summary:Glossolalia ("speaking in tongues") is a rhythmic utterance of word-like strings of sounds, regularly occurring in religious mass gatherings or various forms of private religious practices (e.g., prayer and meditation). Although specific verbal learning capacities may characterize glossolalists, empirical evidence is lacking. We administered three statistical learning tasks (artificial grammar, phoneme sequence, and visual-response sequence) to 30 glossolalists and 30 matched control volunteers. In artificial grammar, participants decide whether pseudowords and sentences follow previously acquired implicit rules or not. In sequence learning, they gradually draw out rules from repeating regularities in sequences of speech sounds or motor responses. Results revealed enhanced artificial grammar and phoneme sequence learning performances in glossolalists compared to control volunteers. There were significant positive correlations between daily glossolalia activity and artificial grammar learning. These results indicate that glossolalists exhibit enhanced abilities to extract the statistical regularities of verbal information, which may be related to their unusual language abilities.
Physical Description:Terjedelem: 19 p-Azonosító: e12865
ISSN:0364-0213