Postconditioning like effect of exercise- New paradigm in experimental menopause

The progression of coronary artery diseases in premenopausal women is lower than in age-matched men; however, its probability increases rapidly after menopause. The aim of our study was to investigate the postconditioning-like effects of voluntary physical exercise on postmenopausal cardiovascular o...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Szabó Renáta
Börzsei Denise
Karácsonyi Zoltán
Gesztelyi Rudolf
Nemes Kolos
Magyariné Berkó Anikó
Veszelka Médea
Török Szilvia
Kupai Krisztina
Varga Csaba
Juhász Béla
Pósa Anikó
Format: Article
Published: 2019
Series:AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY: HEART AND CIRCULATORY PHYSIOLOGY 316 No. 2
doi:10.1152/ajpheart.00485.2018

mtmt:30375043
Online Access:http://publicatio.bibl.u-szeged.hu/16307
Description
Summary:The progression of coronary artery diseases in premenopausal women is lower than in age-matched men; however, its probability increases rapidly after menopause. The aim of our study was to investigate the postconditioning-like effects of voluntary physical exercise on postmenopausal cardiovascular outcomes after myocardial infarction. We used fertile Wistar females [control (CTRL)] and pharmacologically induced estrogen-deficient (POVX; 750 mu g/kg triptorelin im. every 4th week) rats. CTRL and POVX animals were randomly assigned to receive an injection of 0.1 mg isoproterenol (ISO)/kg. At the 20th hour after ISO injection, serum markers of myocardial injury, such as lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and myoglobin, were measured. After a 3-wk resting period, ISO-treated and untreated animals were further divided into subgroups on the basis of 6 wk of physical exercise. At the end of the experiment, cardiac activity and content of the antioxidative heme oxygenase (HO) enzyme, levels of GSM and GSH + GSSG, activity of myeloperoxidase, as well as the concentration of TNF-alpha were determined. At the end of the experimental period, we observed a significant decrease in the activity and content of HO enzymes in POVX and POVX/ISO rats, whereas physical exercise significantly improved 110 and GSH values in both CTRL and POVX rats. Furthermore, our training protocol significantly reduced the pathological levels of myeloperoxidase and TNF-alpha. Our findings clearly demonstrate that modulation of the HO system by voluntary physical exercise is a key process to decrease inflammatory parameters and ameliorate the antioxidative status in estrogen-deficient conditions postmyocardial injury.
Physical Description:H400-H407
ISSN:0363-6135