Exogenously applied salicylic acid maintains redox homeostasis in salt-stressed Arabidopsis gr1 mutants expressing cytosolic roGFP1

Exogenous salicylic acid (SA) can be used for chemical hardening to alleviate oxidative stress in plants exposed to salinity. The treatment of 5-week-old Arabidopsis thaliana plants with increasing doses of SA alters the ascorbate (ASC) and glutathione (GSH) pools, and modulates their redox status a...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Csiszár Jolán
Brunner Szilvia
Horváth Edit
Bela Krisztina
Ködmön Petra
Riyazuddin Riyazuddin
Gallé Ágnes
Hurton Ágnes
Papdi Csaba
Szabados László
Görgényi Miklósné Tari Irma
Format: Article
Published: 2018
Series:PLANT GROWTH REGULATION 86 No. 2
doi:10.1007/s10725-018-0420-6

mtmt:3395756
Online Access:http://publicatio.bibl.u-szeged.hu/14511
Description
Summary:Exogenous salicylic acid (SA) can be used for chemical hardening to alleviate oxidative stress in plants exposed to salinity. The treatment of 5-week-old Arabidopsis thaliana plants with increasing doses of SA alters the ascorbate (ASC) and glutathione (GSH) pools, and modulates their redox status and the activity of several antioxidant enzymes, such as ascorbate peroxidase (APX) and glutathione reductase (GR). To investigate the role of GR in the maintenance of cytoplasmic redox homeostasis after hardening by SA, wild type (WT) and gr1 mutant plants, expressing the cytoplasmic redox-sensitive green fluorescent protein (c-roGFP1), were pre-treated with 10(-7) and 10(-5) M SA for 2 weeks and subsequently exposed to 100 mM NaCl. The redox status of the salt-stressed WT plants became more oxidized, which was prevented by pretreatment with 10(-5) M SA. The gr1 mutants showed more positive redox potential than WT plants, which could be reversed by treatment with 10(-5 )M SA. In mutants, the increased GSH levels may have compensated for the deleterious effect of GR deficiency and stabilized the redox potential in plants exposed to salinity. The ASC regeneration in WT plants shifted from the GSH-dependent dehydroascorbate reductase (DHAR) reaction to the NAD(P)H-dependent monodehydroascorbate reductase (MDHAR) activity during chemical hardening, which contributed to the preservation of the GSH pool in plants under salt stress. Our results suggest that the maintenance of GSH levels and redox homeostasis by SA-mediated hardening play a major role in priming and defending against salt stress.
Physical Description:181-194
ISSN:0167-6903