Exploring jolkinol D derivatives to overcome multidrug resistance in cancer

Macrocyclic monoacyl lathyrane derivatives bearing a benzoyl moiety were previously found to be strong ABCB1 modulators. To explore the effects of different substituents of the aromatic moiety, 14 new compounds (1.1-1.7, 1.10, and 2.1-2.4) were prepared from jolkinol D (1), obtained from Euphorbia p...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Reis Mariana A.
Ahmed Omar Bauomy
Spengler Gabriella
Molnár József
Lage Hermann
Ferreira Maria-José U.
Format: Article
Published: 2017
Series:JOURNAL OF NATURAL PRODUCTS 80 No. 5
doi:10.1021/acs.jnatprod.6b01084

mtmt:3227556
Online Access:http://publicatio.bibl.u-szeged.hu/13630
Description
Summary:Macrocyclic monoacyl lathyrane derivatives bearing a benzoyl moiety were previously found to be strong ABCB1 modulators. To explore the effects of different substituents of the aromatic moiety, 14 new compounds (1.1-1.7, 1.10, and 2.1-2.4) were prepared from jolkinol D (1), obtained from Euphorbia piscatoria, and from jolkinodiol (2), its hydrolysis derivative. Compounds 1.8 and 1.9, having aliphatic moieties, were also obtained. The reversal of ABCB1-mediated MDR was evaluated through functional and chemosensitivity assays on the human ABCB1-gene-transfected L5178Y mouse T-lymphoma cell line. Structure-activity relationships showed that addition of electron-donating groups to the aromatic moiety improved the activity. The effects on the ATPase activity of the strongest modulator (1.3) and the inactive jolkinol D (1) were also investigated and compared. Moreover, in the chemosensitivity assay, most of the compounds interacted synergistically with doxorubicin. Compounds 1.1-1.10 and 2.1-2.4 were further assessed for their collateral sensitivity effect against the human cancer cells: EPG85-257 (gastric) and EPP85-181 (pancreatic), and the matching drug-selected cells EPG85-257RDB, EPG85-257RNOV, EPP85-181RDB, and EPP85-181RNOV. The most promising ones (1.8 and 1.10) along with compound 3, previously selected, were investigated as apoptosis inducers. The compounds were able to induce apoptosis through caspase-3 activation, with significant differences being observed between the parental and resistant cells.
Physical Description:1411-1420
ISSN:0163-3864