Partial breast radiotherapy with simple teletherapy techniques

A prospective pilot study of partial breast irradiation (PBI) with conventional vs hypofractionated schedules was set out. The study aimed to determine efficacy, acute and late side effects, and the preference of photon vs electron irradiation based on individual features. Patients were enrolled acc...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Fekete Gábor
Újhidy Dóra
Együd Zsófia
Kiscsatári Laura
Marosi Gusztáv
Kahán Zsuzsanna
Varga Zoltán
Format: Article
Published: 2015
Series:MEDICAL DOSIMETRY 40 No. 4
doi:10.1016/j.meddos.2015.03.006

mtmt:2896758
Online Access:http://publicatio.bibl.u-szeged.hu/12219
Description
Summary:A prospective pilot study of partial breast irradiation (PBI) with conventional vs hypofractionated schedules was set out. The study aimed to determine efficacy, acute and late side effects, and the preference of photon vs electron irradiation based on individual features. Patients were enrolled according to internationally accepted guidelines on PBI. Conformal radiotherapy plans were generated with both photon and electron beams, and the preferred technique based on dose homogeneity and the radiation exposure of healthy tissues was applied. For electron dose verification, a special phantom was constructed. Patients were randomized for fractionation schedules of 25 x 2 vs 13 x 3Gy. Skin and breast changes were registered at the time of and >/=1 year after the completion of radiotherapy. Dose homogeneity was better with photons. If the tumor bed was located in the inner quadrants, electron beam gave superior results regarding conformity and sparing of organ at risk (OAR). If the tumor was situated in the lateral quadrants, conformity was better with photons. A depth of the tumor bed >/=3.0cm predicted the superiority of photon irradiation (odds ratio [OR] = 23.6, 95% CI: 5.2 to 107.5, p < 0.001) with >90% sensitivity and specificity. After a median follow-up of 39 months, among 72 irradiated cases, 1 local relapse out of the tumor bed was detected. Acute radiodermatitis of grade I to II, hyperpigmentation, and telangiectasia developed >/=1 year after radiotherapy, exclusively after electron beam radiotherapy. The choice of electrons or photons for PBI should be based on tumor bed location; the used methods are efficient and feasible.
Physical Description:290-295
ISSN:0958-3947