Insights on carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii phenotypic characterization of relevant isolates /

Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) is an important nosocomial pathogen, which may be a causative agent in a wide-range of human pathologies. Carbapenems are usually considered the last safe and effective choice of drugs for the treatment of Gram-negative infections. The emergence of carbapenem-re...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Donadu Matthew Gavino
Zanetti Stefania
Nagy Ádám László
Barrak Ibrahim
Gajdács Márió
Format: Article
Published: University of Szeged Szeged 2021
Series:Acta biologica Szegediensis 65 No. 1
Kulcsszavak:Biokémia, Mikrobiológia
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doi:10.14232/abs.2021.1.85-92

Online Access:http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/75583
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Summary:Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) is an important nosocomial pathogen, which may be a causative agent in a wide-range of human pathologies. Carbapenems are usually considered the last safe and effective choice of drugs for the treatment of Gram-negative infections. The emergence of carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii (CRAB) is a critical public health issue as they leave clinicians with limited therapeutic options. In this study, phenotypic methods were used to characterize sixty-two (n = 62) A. baumannii isolates, which were included based on their suspected non-susceptibility to meropenem. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of meropenem, levofloxacin, gentamicin, sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim, tigecycline were determined using E-tests, while colistin MICs were determined using broth microdilution. The isolates were subjected to the modified Hodge test (MHT), the modified carbapenem-inactivation method (mCIM) and the imipenem/EDTA combined disk test (CDT). Efflux pump overexpression was studied using agar plates containing phenylalanine-arginine β-naphthylamide (PAβN). Assessment of biofilm-formation was carried out using the crystal violet tube-adherence method. 64.5% of the strains showed meropenem MICs in the resistant range (>8 mg/L), resistance rates were similarly high to the other tested antibiotics. The MHT and mCIM assay were positive in 79.0% and 67.7% of cases, respectively; the presence of an MBL was suggested for 29.0% of isolates. Efflux-pump overexpression was seen in 12.9% of isolates. 54.8% of the isolates were characterized as strong biofilm-producers. Microbiology laboratories have an important role in differentiating the distinct mechanisms by which these pathogens develop the CRAB phenotype, as plasmid-borne carbapenemases are significant from the standpoint of public health microbiology.
Physical Description:85-92
ISSN:1588-4082