A szláv államok jogrendszerei

The author strives to observe and compare the different systems of law, legal environment and institutions being in effect in the thirteen Slavonic states (nations) existing today. States and peoples scrutinized in the study are divided into three groups based on their language and historical backgr...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Heka László
Format: Article
Published: Szegedi Tudományegyetem Állam- és Jogtudományi Karának tudományos bizottsága Szeged 2007
Series:Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : acta juridica et politica 70 No. 6
Kulcsszavak:Jogrendszer - szláv államok
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Online Access:http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/7367
Description
Summary:The author strives to observe and compare the different systems of law, legal environment and institutions being in effect in the thirteen Slavonic states (nations) existing today. States and peoples scrutinized in the study are divided into three groups based on their language and historical background: the Eastern (Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian), the Western. (Polish, Czech, Slovak) and the Southern Slays (Bulgarian, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovenian, Macedonian, Montenegrin). The study presents the disintegration of the three federal states with Slavonic majority, namely the Soviet Union, Chechoslovakia, and Yugoslavia, by using the right o4f self-determination and secession. The study offers us a brief glimpse into the main characteristics of the Slavonic systems of law today, which are also compared by the author in the end. This comparative study focuses on normative-dogmatic issues, concentrating mainly on the different and similar characteristics of the constitutions, as well as the content and cosequences of laws regulating the, questions of state structure. The author analyses the rules of exerting power, the main state organs and their legal status, the system of administration and the rights and obligations of citizens. The states mentioned above share similar history, geographical position, legacy and culture, therefore their systems of law are compatible, even if they more or less differ from each other. The author explains the similarities and differences of the countries and reveals that they have left behind their socialist past and adopted a Western, continental system of law. This change might be attributed to the fact that five of them have become EUmembers (Poland, the Czech Rebuplic, Slovakia, Slovenia and Bulgaria), whereas Croatia has taken enormous steps towards law harmonization. The other Slavonic states (Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Bosnia-Herzegovina) are following the road of integration. In the East-Slavonic countries (the successors of the SSSR), presidents play an important role in governing the country, and their systems of law are different from that of the other Slays. The Russian Federation and Belorussia are still far away from entering the EU, and Ukrain is divided in the question of euro-integration.
Physical Description:1-64
ISSN:0324-6523