Maternal Periodontal Status as a Factor Influencing Obstetrical Outcomes

Background and Objectives: Preterm birth as a complex phenomenon is influenced by numerous endogenic and exogenic factors, although its exact cause often remains obscure. According to epidemiological studies, maternal periodontal diseases, in addition to affecting general health, can also cause adve...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Völgyesi Petra
Radnai Márta
Németh Gábor László
Boda Krisztina
Bernad Elena
Novák Tibor
Format: Article
Published: 2023
Series:MEDICINA-LITHUANIA 59 No. 3
Subjects:
doi:10.3390/medicina59030621

mtmt:33712311
Online Access:http://publicatio.bibl.u-szeged.hu/26803
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520 3 |a Background and Objectives: Preterm birth as a complex phenomenon is influenced by numerous endogenic and exogenic factors, although its exact cause often remains obscure. According to epidemiological studies, maternal periodontal diseases, in addition to affecting general health, can also cause adverse pregnancy outcomes. Nonetheless, the existing results in the literature regarding this topic remain controversial. Consequently, our study aimed to determine the connection between poor maternal periodontal status and neonatal birth weight. Materials and Methods: A total of 111 primigravida–primiparous pregnant, healthy women underwent a periodontal examination in the second trimester of their pregnancies. Probing depth (PD) and bleeding on probing (BOP) were determined, and based on these diagnostic measurements, the patients were divided into three subgroups according to their dental status: healthy (H, n = 17), gingivitis (G, n = 67), and periodontitis (P, n = 27). Results: Considering that poor maternal oral status is an influencing factor for obstetrical outcomes, the presence of PD and BOP (characterized by the sulcus bleeding index, SBI) was evaluated. In the case of P, defined as PD ≥ 4 mm in at least one site and BOP ≥ 50% of the teeth, a significant correlation between BOP and a low neonatal birth weight at delivery (p = 0.001) was found. An analysis of the relationship between SBI and gestational age (GA) at the time of the periodontal examination in the different dental status groups showed a significant correlation between these parameters in the G group (p = 0.04). Conclusions: Our results suggest that a worse periodontal status during pregnancy may negatively affect obstetrical outcomes, especially the prematurity rate and newborn weight. Therefore, the importance of periodontal screening to prevent these complications is undeniable. 
650 4 |a Klinikai orvostan 
700 0 1 |a Radnai Márta  |e aut 
700 0 1 |a Németh Gábor László  |e aut 
700 0 1 |a Boda Krisztina  |e aut 
700 0 1 |a Bernad Elena  |e aut 
700 0 1 |a Novák Tibor  |e aut 
856 4 0 |u http://publicatio.bibl.u-szeged.hu/26803/1/33712311medicina-59-00621-v2.pdf  |z Dokumentum-elérés