Status measurement of trunk in dancers

The aim of the research: The load of motion segments is significant during extension, flexion and rotation movements. Our main aim is to evaluate the anthropometric parameters, the power and flexibility of the core muscles and whether lower back pain occurs during and after the performances in repre...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Kovácsné Bobály Viktória
Makai Alekszandra
Szilágyi Brigitta
Kiss Gabriella
Ács Pongrác
Jaromi Melinda
Format: Book part
Published: Szegedi Tudományegyetem Juhász Gyula Pedagógusképző Kar Szeged 2016
Series:László Ferenc Sporttudományi Kutatóműhely 3
Sporttudományi kaleidoszkóp = Sports science kaleidoscope : sportszakmai tanulmány-, és szakcikk gyűjtemény = studies and abstracts from the area of sports sciences research 3
Kulcsszavak:Derékfájás, Tánc, Sportegészségügy
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Online Access:http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/75473
Description
Summary:The aim of the research: The load of motion segments is significant during extension, flexion and rotation movements. Our main aim is to evaluate the anthropometric parameters, the power and flexibility of the core muscles and whether lower back pain occurs during and after the performances in representatives of three different dance styles. Research questions: We assume that in dancers between 9-18 years low back pain is common during and after performances lumbar motor control capability is inadequate, and that weakness can be seen in the strength of core muscles, flexibility is inadequatedespite regular exercise. Research material ad method: In our study 92 (average age 14.15±2.95 years) dancers participated. 30 ballet dancers, 32 ballroom dancers and 30 hip-hop dancers. Visual analog scale was applied to determine the frequency of low back pain during and after the performance, leg lowering test was used to examine the lumbar motor control capability, and Kempf test was applied to assess the strength and flexibility of trunk muscles. Results: In case of the frequency of pain occurring during the performance the hip-hop group indicated pain in a significantly higher (p=0.045) percent (7.5%) than the other two groups. Significant difference was not found regarding pain after the performance. In case of muscle strength and extensibility, significant 27 difference was observed in the strength of leg extension muscles (Kempf2, p=0.003), the trunk and shoulder muscles (Kempf3, p=0.004), the arm, shoulder and chest muscles (Kempf 4, p=0.035), in all cases the hip-hop group needed strengthening in the highest percentage. In point of muscle flexibility the thigh flexor muscles (Kemf5) in respect of right (p=0.001) and left foot (p=0.003) significant differences were found, such a sin case of the investigation of the hip flexors for right foot (p=0.001). For both muscle flexibility of the hip-hop group performed the worst. No significant difference was obtained in the case of leg lowering test, but the best result was reached by the hip-hop group regarding lumbar motor control capability. Conclusion: All three dance groups have frequent complaints resulting from low back pain and functional differences of the spine. Weakness muscle required for posture can be observed in addition to regular exercise. Thus, it may be necessary to develop a trunk preventionmovement program and its insertion to the exercise program to relieve these complaints, as well as the possibility ofmjuries can be reduced.
Physical Description:27-51
ISBN:978-963-306-499-3
ISSN:2064-5821