In our research, we studied gender as a social representation or a social construct, which gains its actual content and value through the interaction of members of society (Moscovici 1961; Jochelovich 1996; Wagner 2003). Using the Multiple Threat and Prejudice Questionnaire (Siegler et al. 2017), we surveyed the perception of gender identity threats amongst 158 Hungarian adults. We also analyzed associations of women and men with high or low gender identity threats to their own sex. We found that men in our sample showed a higher level gender identity threat than women, and we believe it has got to do with men’s perceived “devaluation”.